The Templar Knights were created in 1118 in Jerusalem by nine French knights, to protect the pilgrims who traveled to holy places conquered in the Holy Land during the Crusades. Legend has it that the first riders settled in the ancient Temple of Solomon, where they found documents and treasures that made them powerful. It is said they had the guardianship of the Holy Grail, the cup which collected the blood of Jesus Christ on the cross and that had already been used at the Last Supper. In the 14th century took place the dissolution of the Order by the persecutions of Philip, King of France, and the Templars took refuge in Portugal. Under the auspices of D,Diniz, who founded the Order of Christ – based in the Convent of Tomar – and inherited the assets of the Portuguese Templars that played a central role in the Portuguese Discoveries.